List of Paramedical Courses After 12th in India 2024 – The Complete Guide

Paramedical Courses: The Paramedical field is the fastest growing sector in India and the courses after the 12th are usually related to the health sector. A Paramedic is a healthcare specialist who responds to medical emergencies outside the hospital industry. The courses train the students to enter the healthcare profession by changing them into qualified and skilled workers. Thus the students who aspire to carry on their future in the field of medicine can choose the Paramedical Course after 12th depending on their field of interest. These courses are open for all the streams including science, commerce, and arts.

Previously there was a myth that these courses can be taken only by the students who have an interest in science and belong to those coming from a science background in 12th, which is not true. These are open to any person to learn medical courses.

Paramedical Courses after 12th are available in three types:

  • Bachelor courses
  • Diploma courses
  • Certified courses

Here in this article, we have listed down the best Paramedical Courses and these above courses can be chosen based on your preference, eligibility, and stream.

The program includes 3 to 4 years of study and the minimum eligibility criteria are to have at least 60% in 12th to apply for these Paramedical Courses.


List of Paramedical Courses After 12th

One of the finest platforms emerging today is the Paramedical field. As there is a decrease in the health and life expectancy rate, the need for Paramedical experts and professionals increases gradually.

Below are a few of the Paramedical Courses available in India.

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1. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc. in Nursing)

 This is a 4 years undergraduate program and students can get admission after clearing the basic entrance examination. After cracking the entrance exam, students are selected to proceed to take up the course in the best institutions. The primary aim of this course is to prepare the students with the necessary knowledge and skills required for a nursing profession and thereby, training them to handle different medical platforms.

Eligibility and job nature

Candidates opting for this course must have at least 50% in their 12th standard in all the relevant subjects including physics, chemistry, and biology. The nature of the job profiles after completion of the course would be case manager, clinical nurse specialist, nurse anesthetist, nurse practitioner, etc.

The course is available in two categories such as:

  • Distance course – 3 years
  • Regular course – 2 years

2. Diploma in Child Health (DCH)

This course is available full-time for three years and placements are on respective destinations like nutrition specialist, personal physician, nutrition coordinator, personal physician, associate professor, and sports nutritionist. The job nature is to analyze actions including behavioral, wellness, illness, and biological aspects of children. The program runs over for 6 semesters and most of the institutions have entrance examinations.


Candidate must have at least 50% marks in the primary subject in their 12th standard.

3. Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom)

Optometry is the knowledge of eye disease, eye care, diagnosis, examination, and managing different eye-related disorders. This is a four-year program and they train the candidate to be a specialist in fields and become an optician, optometrist, refractionist, ophthalmic assistant, etc. Finally, the course needs a one-year internship in clinical experience to get the certificate. The main aim of the course is to improvise the human vision.


The basic eligibility is to have 12th standard with a science stream from any reputed education of board.

4. Diploma in orthopedics

The course is a 2-year diploma program with 4 semesters and the main aim of the program to train the student for the post of Orthopaedic technician. The candidate with the degree can ensure to provide a clean and hygienic environment and also learn to diagnose images of Radiographic technologies, X-rays, and other orthopedics equipment results throughout this program.

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Eligibility and job profile

Many universities provide this course upon the demands of an MBBS while some universities accept after the 12th as a basic requirement and job profiles upon completion of the course include pharmacists, medical officers, professors, orthopedic surgeons, and physiotherapists.

Also See: High Salary Courses After 12th Science in India 2024

5. Post Basic Bachelor of Science (P.B.B.Sc.)

The INC – Indian Nursing Council controls the aspects of nursing education and has introduced the course to enhance the nursing skills of the candidate. The main aim of the course is to motivate nurses to maintain the standards of service quality.

Eligibility and job profile

The candidate should complete the GNM program before this and based on the score the candidate is selected. The job profiles after this course include rehabilitation specialist, chief nursing officer, Paramedic nurse, nurse manager, and community health specialist.

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6. General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM)

GNM course is a three and half years program and the course can be taken after the 12th standard. The admission to the course is given after the completion of the basic entrance examination and on the merit list. Many universities provide this course on a part-time basis and many recruitment companies including the Indian Nursing Council, state nursing council, reputed hospitals, AIIMS, etc. visit the universities to recruit them for the jobs.


The minimum eligibility criteria to pursue the course are after completing the 12th standard with 50% in the science stream.

7. Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery (ANM)

This course is a 2 year under graduation certified program in medical nursing. Upon completion of the 12th, the Paramedical offering universities conduct exams and upon cracking the entrance, candidates are given admission for the course.

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Eligibility and job profile

The minimum eligibility criterion is 12th with a minimum of 45% marks. Upon completion of the course, the job positions include clinical nurse specialist, forensic nursing, lecturer, traveling nurse, sales purchase assistant, emergency room nurse, and midwifery nurse.

8. B.Sc. in Cardiac Technology

The course is a three-year undergraduate program and numerous students with skills get appointed as cardiac technologists. The purpose of the students is to assist physicians during cardiovascular therapies and testing in hospitals. Cardiac doctors can focus on the patients with these cardiologist technicians and the recruitment of them into the hospitals based on their medical training and experience.

Eligibility and job profile

The minimum criteria for the course are to complete 12th standard with 50% in the board examination in the subjects including physics, chemistry,             and biology. There are also some basic eligibility norms for this course from the universities to be met by the candidates. The job profile upon completion of the course would be cardiologist, dialysis technician, nephrologist’s technician, medical sonographer, and cardiovascular technologist.

Other top bachelor’s degree Paramedical Courses

There are also other programs of Paramedical Courses upon the completion of the 12th standard and a few are listed below:

  • Bachelor of physiotherapy
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • B.Sc. in OTT
  • B.Sc. in medical record technology
  • B.Sc. in radiography
  • B.Sc. MLT (Medical Lab Technology)
  • B.Sc. in OTT (Operation Theatre Technology)
  • B.Sc. in X-Ray Technology
  • B.Sc. in Dialysis technology

The above courses are offered for 3 years, while a few are four years and include theory and practical training programs.

There are also diploma programs other than the bachelor programs under the Paramedical Courses and a few of them are:

  • Diploma in Radiography
  • Diploma in Medical Imaging Technology
  • Diploma in dialysis technology
  • Diploma in Dental Hygienist
  • Diploma in rural health care

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